About Grand Challenge Initiative Projects; CUSP & M/LT

The Grand Challenge Initiative – CUSP is a large-scale international collaboration effort targeting advancement in specific, fundamental issues in space and earth science.

GCI CUSP: Illustration by NASA

The first GCI project – GCI Cusp – aims to determine the multi-scale physics of heating and charged particle precipitation in the ionosphere specific to the geomagnetic cusp region.

Download the info leaflet:

GCI Mesosphere / Lower Thermosphere (M/LT) aims to study the M/LT region with both new and well proven techniques using a multitude of plattforms and instruments. Recent theoretical and modelling developments allow for study of dynamic processes on a large range of scales – including the potential impact of small scale processes on a global scale.

GCI M/LT: Illustration by Trond Abrahamsen, ASC

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GCI CUSP Infographic
Download a PDF with all the essential information

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